Manuel Pinto de Abreu holds a master and PhD degree in Physical Oceanography, Monterey, California, USA (1991). Professor Pinto de Abreu is a Navy Officer (reserve) which served as hydrographer and on board of several ships. Full Professor, and Vice -Rector (2003/2008), at the Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Lisboa. From 1992 to 1997, he was the Head of the Cartography and Hydrography Division of the Instituto Hidrográfico. In 2003, he became President of the Advisory Council for the Interministerial Commission for the Delimitation of the Continental Shelf. Until 2011 he was the Head of Task Force for the Extension of the Continental Shelf. Manuel Pinto Abreu served also as Head of the Task Force for Maritime Affairs, Portuguese High Level Focal Point on Integrated Maritime Policy of the EU and the Portuguese National Coordinator of the EU Pilot Project for the Integration of Maritime Surveillance on the Mediterranean Area and its Atlantic Approaches – BluemassMed and partner and Consultant on several private companies and national and international governmental organizations. Manuel Pinto de Abreu was the Secretary of State for the Sea of the Portuguese XIX Government (2011/2015).